Neuro Ophthalmology is the subspecialty that deals with disorders of the optic nerve. Common disorders include optic neuritis (inflammation and swelling of the optic nerve), Ischemic Optic neuropathies (Decreased blood supply to the optic nerve) and Traumatic optic neuropathy. <br/>.
Treatment varies with the size of the tumor and the general health of the person. The goal may be to cure the disorder, relieve symptoms, or improve vision and comfort. Surgery to remove the tumor may cure some optic gliomas. Partial removal to reduce the size of the tumor can be done in many cases. This will keep the tumor from damaging normal brain tissue around it.Radiation therapy may be recommended in some cases where the tumor is larger and surgery is not possible. In some cases, radiation therapy may be delayed because the tumor is slow growing. Corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce swelling and inflammation during radiation therapy, or if symptoms return.Chemotherapy may be used in some children. Chemotherapy may be especially useful when the tumor extends into the hypothalamus.
DR. NABIN KU. PATTNAIK